How to Hack a Website – How to Become a Web Hacker?0
Internet access has increased dramatically in recent years. Users of web-based applications can interact with organizations online in response to this, which has prompted many organizations to develop them.
There is always an underestimation of security in the virtual world. Despite the numerous warnings from security experts about hacking, theft, etc. that users should be aware of when setting their passwords for different accounts, many people still don’t take the utmost care when setting their passwords. There are always people who exploit website hacking, bank passwords, Gmail hacking, etc., but hacking is not the end of the story. These accounts have been considered by developers as a means of recovering and controlling them.
The client-server model is used to create websites. Databases and business logic are accessible through the server. Websites are hosted on web servers. A client web browser is necessary to run the client application. Languages used to develop web applications include Java, C#, VB.net, PHP, ColdFusion, and so on. Among the database engines that are used in web applications are MySQL, MS SQL Server, PostgreSQL, and others.
It is common for web applications to be hosted on public servers accessible over the Internet. They are therefore vulnerable to simple attacks. It is possible to access sensitive data on web servers and web applications by exploiting poorly written web application code.
What is a web application? What are Web Threats?
Websites are client-server-based applications that use the web application model. Business logic and database access are provided by the server. Hosting is provided by a web server. On the client’s computer, the client application is run through a web browser. Database engines used in web applications include MySQL, MS SQL Server, PostgreSQL, and SQLite, among others. Java, C#, VB.Net, PHP, ColdFusion Markup Language, and other languages are generally used to develop web applications.
The majority of web applications are hosted on public servers that are accessible over the Internet. They are therefore vulnerable to attacks because they are easily accessible. Web applications are commonly targeted by the following threats.
SQL Injection – Among the goals of this threat could be to bypass login algorithms, sabotage data, and a number of other things.
Denial of Service Attacks– There may be an attempt to prevent legitimate users from accessing a resource due to a threat like this.
Cross-Site Scripting XSS– This threat could be executed by injecting code into the client side of the browser, which would allow it to run.
Cookie/Session Poisoning– Using the most recent technology, this threat is aimed at gaining access to unauthorized data through the modification of cookies or session data.
Form Tampering – The attacker can use this threat in order to reduce the price of items in e-commerce applications by modifying the price data contained in the application.
Code Injection – Basically, when the server is infected with this type of threat, PHP, Python, and other types of codes are injected into it, which allows them to be executed. In addition to installing backdoors, the code can reveal sensitive information.
Defacement– As a result of this threat, all page requests are redirected to a single page containing the attacker’s message instead of the page that was displayed on the website.
Types of Hackers
A hacker falls into one of four general categories: a black hat hacker, a white hat hacker, a blue hat hacker, or a gray hat hacker. The purpose of hacking is not always malicious, but often it is to exploit vulnerabilities and find a way to gain access to confidential information.
The definition of hacking is merely the application of computer skills to solve a particular problem. A variety of different types of hackers engage in hacking activities. These activities are beneficial to developers in the sense that they uncover programming weaknesses. This in turn allows them to improve their software products.
Those who are capable of performing penetration testing and identifying security flaws in government and private organizations are known as white hat hackers because they have been authorized or certified to do so. Additionally, they ensure protection from malicious cybercrime. Therefore, they are referred to as ethical hackers or cybersecurity experts since they adhere to government rules and regulations.
Black hat hackers
Criminals who crack systems illegally with malicious intent are considered black-hat hackers. An individual who attempts to gain unauthorized access to a computer system is called a black hat hacker. The goal of black hat hackers is to exploit security vulnerabilities, often by implanting viruses or malware such as trojans.
There are many ways in which black hat hackers can gain financial gain other than extortion or data breaches, such as the use of ransomware.
Blue hat hackers
Similar to white hat hackers, they are involved in testing the security of software designed by a company just before it goes on sale. A blue hat hacker is an external contractor hired by the company, while a white hat hacker is an employee of the organization.
Gray Hat Hackers
Unlike black hat hackers, gray hat hackers have no criminal intent or prior consent to hack into a system that belongs to someone else. This puts them at odds with black hat hackers who have criminal intent. Gray hat hackers, on the other hand, report zero-day vulnerabilities rather than exploiting them to the fullest extent possible as soon as they find them. A gray hat hacker may, however, request payment if they provide details about what they found.
Security and intelligence agencies have become major actors in the cybersecurity landscape by implementing novel intelligence techniques. Despite the fact that their conduct in cyberspace is not fully acceptable to international actors, it is at the very least acceptable. This is despite the fact that they passively gather information for their governments as part of their duty. As a result, intelligence agencies serve as the source of norms that are followed by other international organizations. Due to their status as sub-state entities, however, they remain unregulated internationally.
Because of major internal and external transformations in intelligence workings, intelligence practices must be considered within ongoing cyberspace regulation debates. In both the internal and external worlds, technological advancements in conjunction with the pervasiveness of information and communications technologies have blurred the boundaries of traditional intelligence activities. In the information age, intelligence actors have transformed from passive gatherers to hunters in cyberspace due to fears of “going dark”. The cyberattacks they have undertaken have made them famous for their “hunting” role. In this way, cyber regulation processes have been put in motion.
The Snowden disclosures and the Shadow Brokers leaks, which made intelligence techniques public, have compelled intelligence agencies to come out of the shadows for the first time ever. In addition, it will spur legislative reform throughout jurisdictions. At the same time, it will force agencies to become more vocal and visible than ever before. This will result in significant changes to the way they work.
A well-organized network of cyber criminals collaborates to pull off massive heists over the internet because cybercrime is so popular (and potentially profitable). Organizations such as these commit major crimes that would not otherwise be possible by combining the skills and resources of hackers, programmers, and other tech bandits.
There are a variety of types of organized cybercrime groups, ranging from small groups to large organizations; some groups are almost corporate in nature, with established leadership and different members filling specific roles.
The untouchable law enforcement officers of Eliot Ness brought organized crime to justice during the days of Al Capone’s mafia. The internet era has given rise to the need for security experts with master’s degrees in cyber security to play a key role in capturing (and defending against) organized cybercrime syndicates.
Types of Organized Cyber Crime
In the same way that traditional organized crime is associated with criminal leaders, cybercriminals also tend to associate with individuals who have the ideas, contacts, and influence to pull off complex, far-reaching scams.
It is only a matter of time before organized crime bosses such as these become more skilled at their illegal activities. As Steve Ranger points out in his article, “Cybercrime and Cyberwar: A Spotter’s Guide,” published on ZDnet.com, “The groups that are out to get you” are cybercrime and cyberwar (cyber war) groups.
In the context of the government, banks, and other large corporations, what is the threat posed by organized cybercrime? Ranger identified several types of cybercriminal organizations and their exploitation techniques as a logical place to start. The following are among them:
Hacktivists: There are some cybercriminal groups who are motivated by political or social agendas. It is not usually the intention of hackers to steal money or assets from their targets. Instead, they are intended to embarrass or release damning evidence about them or to embarrass them in some way.
- Terrorists: After September 11, terrorism became a much more serious threat. Cyberattacks are rare among terror organizations due to a lack of technical knowledge and resources. International Cyber Terrorism Regulation Project states that cybercrime is most often associated with propaganda, psychological campaigns (such as beheading videos), and the sharing of information.
- State-backed hackers: In the modern world, espionage is still prevalent. Hacking campaigns allegedly backed by states are a common occurrence in recent history. It is believed that the United States and its allies developed the Stuxnet worm hack of the 2000s in order to disrupt Iran’s nuclear program. Several U.S. industrial secrets have been accused of being stolen by Chinese digital espionage. By exploiting SolarWinds software, Russian-backed hackers gained access to U.S. government and corporate networks in 2020.
- Insider threats: In addition to targeting insiders with blackmail, criminal organizations can also use intimidation. To obtain access to secure networks, corporate secrets, sensitive information, passwords and other information that could be used to steal money or information is the aim.
- Blurred lines: It is difficult to neatly categorize the real world as it rarely follows a neat pattern. A number of organized cybercriminal groups hack “all of the above.” In order to obtain sensitive cyber security information and finance terror operations, a terrorist organization could, for example, recruit new members, run hacktivism campaigns, and deploy phishing campaigns or ransomware attacks using technology-savvy individuals.
Cybercrime is still dominated by opportunity. One well-known hacking technique is ransomware, which is delivered via Trojan horse malware. A cryptocurrency ransom is demanded from victims in order to gain access to their own computers.
There have also been high-tech methods for traditional crime organizations to traffic their age-old products.
In an article published in Police Chief Magazine, “Organized Crime Has Gone High Tech,” Maxwell D. Marker, FBI Transnational Organized Crime section chief, says the internet breeds anonymity and anonymity breeds vice. This makes it easier for drug cartels, illegal gambling services, extortionists, and prostitution rings to launder money online and through deep web forums.
The term hacktivism stems from the combination of the words ‘hack’ and ‘activism’ and refers to hacking into a computer for social or political reasons. Those who participate in hacktivism are considered hacktivists. By altering the website of an organization or leaking the site’s information, hacktivists hope to gain visibility for the cause they are supporting by defacing or leaking the organization’s website.
How to Become a Web Hacker?
To become an ethical hacker, you need a wide range of computer science knowledge. Because hacking is a feverish game rather than a day-and-night activity, this is especially applicable. A hacker’s mind must be inflamed with an insatiable desire to hack, like a fever, in order to ultimately be successful in their endeavor. In the future, nobody will be able to stop you from entering the hacking world once you have assimilated these ideas. If you wish to become a proficient and advanced hacker, you should learn and be able to do the following:
- Start by learning how CPUs and other hardware components work in order to understand the fundamentals of computing.
- Programming languages such as C are used by cybercriminals. Because C can be used to compromise almost any system, it is the language of choice for hackers of all stripes. Due to the fact that UNIX is written entirely in C, this fundamental programming language is the most similar to UNIX.
- Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): A website can only be created by learning HTML, the language at the base of it all. HTML is the language you need to know in order to hack into a website. The ability to write HTML is a prerequisite for being an internet hacker.
- To develop hacking skills appropriate to this field, acquire some knowledge of networking; study wireless technologies fundamentally.
- SQL is the most recommended database language, but you can choose any language you like. A database manipulation operation can be performed using SQL if it involves inserting, updating, or erasing data. SQL is essential for breaking into databases.
- A PHP website can be used to link databases and websites together. In part, this is due to PHP’s popularity, which makes it a popular target for hackers. As a result, you should educate yourself about PHP if you want to be able to break into other people’s email accounts.
- As one of the most popular scripting languages among hackers, Python is something you should study.
- A hacker must have knowledge of UNIX commands in order to be successful. Hackers use UNIX commands to hack computers. Learn them all.
- Information can be hidden or revealed using cryptography. Hackers and those looking to access restricted data will always require decryption algorithms and expertise. It is imperative that you study cryptography if you are planning to hack like a pro.
It is necessary to have a computer science background to become an ethical hacker. The fact that hacking tends to be a feverish endeavor rather than a day-to-day endeavor makes this especially relevant. It is necessary to develop a feverish desire to hack into your brain. Once you have absorbed these ideas, you will have no problem entering the world of hacking.
Hacking Website using Online SQL Injection
In order to understand SQL Injections, we must first discuss injections. There are many types of injection attacks, but one of the oldest and most common is the injection attack. The goal of injection attacks is to fetch information from databases using malicious code injected into the network. Besides PHP applications, they target web applications and can cause data loss or theft. Your entire system can be compromised: you can’t log in or access any of your services as a result.
To put it another way, this is not acceptable. The worst. You are an administrator of a hospital. You have hundreds of patients awaiting surgery, and other sensitive information is recorded about them such as their security numbers, their e-mails, and other personal information. This information can be taken, sold, and used by hackers through injections that can block your entire system. An injection can be classified into different categories, including SQL injections, CRLF injections, and Cross-Site Scripting.
How to hack a website via basic HTML coding – HTML Hack
It should be noted that this basic method only works if there are very few security barriers on the website. It is unlikely that this kind of simple attack will succeed on a website with robust security features.
1. Navigate to the site you want to hack and open it. In its login form, provide the wrong username and password combination. If the username and password are incorrect, an error message will appear. Here’s where your experiment begins, so be prepared.
2. To view the source of that error page, right-click anywhere on it.
5. Find “<_input name=”password” type=”password”>”[without quotes] -> replace “<_type=password>” with “<_type=text>”. If the maximum password length is less than 11, increase it to 11 (e.g.: if then write).
6. Choose File > Save As, and then save it anywhere with the extension .html (e.g., C:\chan.html).
7. If you saved the ‘chan.html’ file to your hard disk earlier, double-click on it to reopen your target web page. Comparing it with the original, you can see that some things have changed. Don’t worry.
8. Specify your username and password, such as “hacker”. As a result of successfully cracking the above website, you have gained access to the user’s account in the database of the server.
How to protect your Website against hacks?
To protect itself against web server attacks, an organization can implement the following policy.
- SQL Injection– A database can be less susceptible to SQL Injection attacks if user parameters are sanitized and validated before being submitted to it. There are many database engines that support parameters and prepared statements, including MS SQL Server and MySQL. Traditional SQL statements are much less safe than these.
- Denial of Service Attacks – When a simple DoS attack occurs, firewalls can be used to drop traffic from suspicious IP addresses. It is also possible to reduce the chance of a DoS attack being successful by configuring networks and Intrusion Detection Systems properly.
- Cross-Site Scripting – In order to reduce XSS attacks, headers, parameters passed via URLs, form parameters, and hidden values should be validated and sanitized.
- Cookie/Session Poisoning– The contents of cookies can be encrypted, cookies can be timed out after a certain amount of time and cookies can be associated with the IP address of the client.
- Form tempering – User input can be validated and verified before processing to prevent this.
- Code Injection – Rather than treating parameters as executable code, all parameters can be treated as data. Implementing this can be done through sanitization and validation.
- Defacement – Good web application development security policies should eliminate the most common vulnerabilities that allow unauthorized access to the server. When developing web applications, this can be accomplished by configuring the operating system, and web server software, and following best security practices.
In this article, we have only discussed the most common attacks on a simple website that is not properly secured. It has become so easy for attackers to get what they want thanks to technology today. Using communication within the network properly is all they need. There are some robust strategies and security policies that are unique to each organization and website. There are, however, some hackers who are capable of hacking into your system and creating a mistake.
It is only through an understanding of how such attacks can happen and what can be done to prevent them on your website. You will be able to prevent them from it. After reading this article and finding the potential threats to your website, you can eliminate them.
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